In Minnesota, there are currently 293 district court judges who preside over matters in ten judicial districts. While the Minnesota Rules of Court provide attorneys with significant information applicable to court proceedings, each judge may have his or her individual preferences with respect to motion practice and courtroom conduct.

In an effort to assist attorneys who may be appearing before a judge for the first time, the MSBA Civil Litigation Section Governing Council provided all district court judges with a brief questionnaire. The responses that we received are organized here by judicial district and the judge’s name. We hope you find these responses to be helpful in your preparation for district court appearances.

For information about this project or to report an error in any judicial directory listing, contact Kara Haro, MSBA staff liaison to the Civil Litigation Section.

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Seventh Judicial District Judges


Kulick, Gail

judicial photoDistrict Court Judge

Counties: Mille Lacs

State Court Bio: View Bio

Contact with chambers:

  • Set forth your preferred method to contact chambers (telephone, e-mail, etc.).  email
  • To whom may attorneys direct scheduling/logistical questions?  Mille Lacs County Court Administration
  • To whom may attorneys direct substantive questions?  My law clerk

Motion practice:

  • Set forth your practices and procedures for scheduling motion hearings.  Motion must be efiled before it will be scheduled.
  • Identify any type of motion for which you do not require a hearing.  Some motions for default hearings.
  • Do you accept telephone calls from attorneys to rule on discovery disputes that occur during depositions?  Yes.
  • How much time do you allot for motion hearings?  It depends on the number of issues in dispute, and whether the attorneys plan to make only oral argument or written argument.
  • Set forth your practices and procedures with respect to attending a hearing by telephone or video conference.  I am very flexible about telephone appearances.
  • Set forth your practices and procedures with respect to discovery motions.  Standard.
  • Set forth your practices and procedures with respect to stipulations of the parties, including stipulations for protective orders.  I encourage them. If a party is pro-se, I will want a record that they understand the stipulation.
  • Do you have particular requirements or procedures relating to requests to amend the scheduling order?  No.
  • Set forth your practices and procedures with respect to default proceedings.  Standard.
  • Set forth your practices and procedures with respect to handling emergency motions.  It depends on the nature of the emergency. I may want a conference call with the attorneys, if there is more than one.

Written submissions:

  • Do you want to receive paper courtesy copies of the parties’ written submissions? If you do, set forth the number and preferred format of courtesy copies and identify any document type you do not want to receive.  No paper copies needed.
  • Set forth your practices and procedures for requests to deviate from the requirements of the General Rules of Practice for the District Courts.  Should be done in the form of a motion.

In-court proceedings:

  • Identify what technology you use in the courtroom and state whether you prefer a particular electronic format.  Standard technology. No preference.
  • Set forth your practices and procedures with respect to attorney’s use of technology in the courtroom and during trial.  I want the attorney to make sure ahead of time that the technology is working.
  • Set forth your practices and procedures with respect to the submission of additional legal authority or other materials at or after oral argument.  I occasionally request additional authority/materials.
  • Do you permit parties to bifurcate oral argument so different attorneys address different legal issues?  Yes.

Pretrial procedures:

  • Describe your preferred procedures for pretrial settlement conferences, including the timing of such conferences, persons who must attend, whether persons may attend by telephone or video conference, and how you participate in settlement discussions.  10 days before trial. Parties must attend unless they have given attorney clear authority to settle on their behalf.
  • Set forth your practices and procedures for handling motions in limine.  Simple motions will be heard the morning of trial. Complex issues will be heard at least one week prior.

Trial:

  • What is your schedule for a typical trial day?  Varies greatly, as we are a small courthouses (3 judges), so we handle everything.
  • Set forth your voir dire procedures.  I do preliminary voir dire. In crim sex matters I use a questionnaire that has been approved by the attorneys. 
  • Set forth your practices and procedures with respect to courtroom decorum, including movement in the courtroom, use of a podium, whether attorneys should sit or stand, and how to address witnesses.  Movement in the courtroom is fine. I prefer attorneys to sit. I deplore conversations in the back of the courtroom.
  • Do you impose time limits with respect to opening statements and closing arguments?  I haven't had to, but that's a theoretic possibility.
  • Identify your practices with respect to the use of technology in the courtroom during trial.  Liberal, as long as it is tested before the hearing.
  • Set forth your practices and procedures with respect to marking and using exhibits.  They should be pre-marked, and stipulated to whenever possible.
  • Set forth your practices and procedures for handling objections.  I want to hear the objection and basis only, unless I ask for more.
  • Set forth your practices and procedures with respect to the use of deposition testimony.  Standard.
  • May attorneys obtain daily transcripts during trial? If so, what procedure should attorneys follow?  Request directly from the court reporter.
  • Set forth your practices and procedures with respect to attorney requests to contact jurors at the conclusion of trial.  I always visit with the jury after trial and invite the attorneys to accompany me and ask questions of the jury.

Other matters:

  • Set forth any other preferences, practices, or procedures attorneys and parties may find helpful.  Nothing comes to mind.